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Fight for Ending Malaria Continues with the Approach of World Mosquito Day Fight for Ending Malaria Continues with the Approach of World Mosquito Day

Fight for Ending Malaria Continues with the Approach of World Mosquito Day

World Mosquito Day is an annual occasion for celebrating the findings of Sir Ronald Ross, a British doctor back in the year 1897. Ross had been responsible for the finding that female mosquitoes may spread malaria between humans.

These days, World Mosquito Day is considered to be a suitable opportunity for spreading alertness about malaria along with the areas where you are at greater risk and suitable ways to avoid the condition from impacting you.

Tough fight against malaria continues

Since the discovery of Ross for more than a century before, the number of people who have been diagnosed with malaria seems to already reach into the billions. In the year 2017, there was an estimated 219 million cases of malaria across 87 countries, however 90% of these cases took place within sub-Saharan Africa.

Inspite of all technological as well as medicinal advances made till date, it is still the case when a child dies of malaria in every two minutes.

Malaria occurs due to parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitos. Some symptoms may require some time to be noticeable which can be 10 to 15 days after getting bitten typically though its initial symptoms are usually mild. These can be headaches, chills and fever.

However, if it is not treated on time, certain strands of malaria may lead to severe illness and untimely death.

You will find five species of the Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria in humans. Two of these species seem to have the greatest threat and they are P.falciparum and P.vivax.

P.falciparum is responsible for almost 99.7% of malaria cases in the World Health Organisation (WHO) African Region, and most cases all over the world. In the meantime, P.vivax is accountable for nearly three quarters of malaria cases in the WHO Region of the Americas.

All travelers should know about malaria

Malaria is a big threat for the health and wellbeing of travelers. Thus, if you want to jet off further afield in the upcoming months, then you should know about the condition in order to stay protected against it effectively.

Overall, malaria is usually found in more than 100 countries and so, it is necessary to conduct through research about your destination beforehand. It is generally found in tropical regions and these include the following:

  • Large areas of Asia and Africa
  • Central and South America
  • Haiti and the Dominican Republic
  • Parts of Middle East
  • Some Pacific Islands

If any of the places discussed above are where you plan to visit, it is important to take necessary steps to protect from contracting malaria. This means lessening the risk of getting bitten with sprays, mosquito nets and staying protected against any kind of infection with anti-malarial medication.

There is ABCD approach to remain protected from malaria which makes it easy to remember. The ABCD approach to malaria is as follows:

  • A: Awareness of Risk – You have to research your destination thoroughly to know the risks associated with contracting malaria when you are away. Make sure you do it before you plan to travel.
  • B: Bite prevention – It is necessary to prevent mosquito bites by covering your legs and arms with light layers. You should sleep below spraying insect repellent and an insecticide-treated mosquito net.
  • C: Know when to take malaria prevention tablets — Make sure you are aware about the right medication and finish the course once you are given.
  • D: Proper diagnosis – If you find any symptoms of malaria, it is important to seek for medical advice immediately. This is applicable for almost a year after your return from travel.

You should be smart enough to make your travel a memorable one. Make sure you do everything for staying protected before you set off for the journey. It is important to take safe as well as effective medication so that you may not face unnecessary health problems while you are on your tour. Also, you can take proper vaccinations for India to protect yourself from any risks to your health and overall well-being.